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四:RocketMQ源码分析之消息消费概述

1、消息消费概述

*  消息消费方式  
    拉取、推送。
 *  消费者组与消费模式  
    多个消费者组成一个消费组,两种模式:集群(消息被其中任何一个消息者消费)、广播模式(全部消费者消费)。
 *  ConsumeFromWhere consumeFromWhere  
    从何处开始消费,可选值:  
    1CONSUME\_FROM\_LAST\_OFFSET:上一次消费偏移量  
    2CONSUME\_FROM\_FIRST\_OFFSET:从头开始  
    3CONSUME\_FROM\_TIMESTAMP:从某个时间点开始
 *  消费进度存储  
    其实现类为:OffsetStore offsetStore。消费者需要记录消息消费的进度:  
    1)广播模式:广播模式由于每个消费者都需要消费消息,故消息的进度(最后消费的偏移量可以保存在本地)。  
    2)集群模式:由于集群中的消费者只要一个消费消息即可,故消息的消费进度,需要保存在集中点,故 RocketMQ存储在Broker所在的服务器。

2、消息消费实现

首先看一下消费 Demo。

img_0914_01_1.png

使用推送模式,设置消费者所属组,订阅主题、定义消息消费回调接口,推送消息后消费方具体业务处理,并返回CONSUME\_SUCCESS表示消费成功。

消息消费者具体实现类:org.apache.rocketmq.client.impl.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl

2.1 DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl

2.1.1 消费端初始化(构造方法)

img_0914_01_2.png

img_0914_01_3.png

img_0914_01_4.png

然后开始重点从 star t方法深入研究 DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl 的内部机制。

public synchronized void start() throws MQClientException {
        switch (this.serviceState) {  
            case CREATE_JUST:
                log.info("the consumer [{}] start beginning. messageModel={}, isUnitMode={}", this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup(),
                    this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getMessageModel(), this.defaultMQPushConsumer.isUnitMode());
                this.serviceState = ServiceState.START_FAILED;     // @1

                this.checkConfig();                                                 //@2

                this.copySubscription();                                         //@3

                if (this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getMessageModel() == MessageModel.CLUSTERING) {    // @4
                    this.defaultMQPushConsumer.changeInstanceNameToPID();
                }

                this.mQClientFactory = MQClientManager.getInstance().getAndCreateMQClientInstance(this.defaultMQPushConsumer, this.rpcHook);

                this.rebalanceImpl.setConsumerGroup(this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup());    // @5
                this.rebalanceImpl.setMessageModel(this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getMessageModel());
                this.rebalanceImpl.setAllocateMessageQueueStrategy(this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getAllocateMessageQueueStrategy());
                this.rebalanceImpl.setmQClientFactory(this.mQClientFactory);

                this.pullAPIWrapper = new PullAPIWrapper(
                    mQClientFactory,
                    this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup(), isUnitMode());
                this.pullAPIWrapper.registerFilterMessageHook(filterMessageHookList);   //@6

                if (this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getOffsetStore() != null) {    // @7
                    this.offsetStore = this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getOffsetStore();
                } else {
                    switch (this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getMessageModel()) {
                        case BROADCASTING:
                            this.offsetStore = new LocalFileOffsetStore(this.mQClientFactory, this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup());
                            break;
                        case CLUSTERING:
                            this.offsetStore = new RemoteBrokerOffsetStore(this.mQClientFactory, this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup());
                            break;
                        default:
                            break;
                    }
                }
                this.offsetStore.load();         //@8

                if (this.getMessageListenerInner() instanceof MessageListenerOrderly) {
                    this.consumeOrderly = true;
                    this.consumeMessageService =
                        new ConsumeMessageOrderlyService(this, (MessageListenerOrderly) this.getMessageListenerInner());
                } else if (this.getMessageListenerInner() instanceof MessageListenerConcurrently) {
                    this.consumeOrderly = false;
                    this.consumeMessageService =
                        new ConsumeMessageConcurrentlyService(this, (MessageListenerConcurrently) this.getMessageListenerInner());
                }

                this.consumeMessageService.start();   //@9

                boolean registerOK = mQClientFactory.registerConsumer(this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup(), this);   //@10
                if (!registerOK) {
                    this.serviceState = ServiceState.CREATE_JUST;
                    this.consumeMessageService.shutdown();
                    throw new MQClientException("The consumer group[" + this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup()
                        + "] has been created before, specify another name please." + FAQUrl.suggestTodo(FAQUrl.GROUP_NAME_DUPLICATE_URL),
                        null);
                }

                mQClientFactory.start();
                log.info("the consumer [{}] start OK.", this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup());
                this.serviceState = ServiceState.RUNNING;
                break;
            case RUNNING:
            case START_FAILED:
            case SHUTDOWN_ALREADY:
                throw new MQClientException("The PushConsumer service state not OK, maybe started once, "//
                    + this.serviceState//
                    + FAQUrl.suggestTodo(FAQUrl.CLIENT_SERVICE_NOT_OK),
                    null);
            default:
                break;
        }

        this.updateTopicSubscribeInfoWhenSubscriptionChanged();    //@11
        this.mQClientFactory.checkClientInBroker();                               //@12
        this.mQClientFactory.sendHeartbeatToAllBrokerWithLock();   //@13
        this.mQClientFactory.rebalanceImmediately();                          //@14

代码@2:checkConfig,检查配置信息,主要检查消费者组(consumeGroup)、消息消费方式(messageModel)、消息消费开始偏移量(consumeFromWhere)、消息队列分配算法(AllocateMessageQueueStrategy)、订阅消息主题(Map<topic,sub> expression ),消息回调监听器(MessageListener)、顺序消息模式时是否只有一个消息队列等等。

代码@3:copySubscription 加工订阅信息,将 Map<String /\* topic\*/, String/* sub extends*/>转换为Map<String,SubscriptionData>,同时,如果消息消费模式为集群模式,还需要为该消费组对应一个重试主题。

代码@4:如果消息消费模式为集群模式,并且当前的实例名为 DEFAULT,替换为当前客户端进程的PID。

代码@5:负载均衡相关实现,后文重点关注。

代码@6:pullAPIWrapper,消息拉取API封装类,后文重点关注。

代码@7:消费进度存储,如果是集群模式,使用远程存储 RemoteBrokerOffsetStore,如果是广播模式,则使用本地存储 LocalFileOffsetStore,后文重点关注。

代码@8:加载消息消费进度。

代码@9:消息消费服务并启动,后文重点关注。

代码@10:向远程 Broker 服务器注册消费者。

代码@11,更新订阅信息。

代码@12:检测 broker 状态。

代码@13:发送心跳包。

代码@14:重新负载。

上面包含的信息量巨大,我们一一进行分析。

2、1.1.1 MQClientInstance 概述

this.mQClientFactory = MQClientManager.getInstance().getAndCreateMQClientInstance(this.defaultMQPushConsumer, this.rpcHook);
public MQClientInstance getAndCreateMQClientInstance(final ClientConfig clientConfig, RPCHook rpcHook) {
        String clientId = clientConfig.buildMQClientId();
        MQClientInstance instance = this.factoryTable.get(clientId);
        if (null == instance) {
            instance =
                new MQClientInstance(clientConfig.cloneClientConfig(),
                    this.factoryIndexGenerator.getAndIncrement(), clientId, rpcHook);
            MQClientInstance prev = this.factoryTable.putIfAbsent(clientId, instance);
            if (prev != null) {
                instance = prev;
                log.warn("Returned Previous MQClientInstance for clientId:[{}]", clientId);
            } else {
                log.info("Created new MQClientInstance for clientId:[{}]", clientId);
            }
        }

        return instance;
    }
public String buildMQClientId() {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append(this.getClientIP());
        sb.append("@");
        sb.append(this.getInstanceName());
        if (!UtilAll.isBlank(this.unitName)) {
            sb.append("@");
            sb.append(this.unitName);
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }

从这段代码可以看成,一个客户端 IP@InstanceName 只会持有一个 MQClientInstance 对象,MQClientInstance 无论是消费者还是生产者,都在应用程序这一端。

有了这一层认识,我们就重点关注一下该类的属性:

ClientConfig clientConfig  
    配置信息。
 *  int instanceIndex  
    MQClientInstance在同一台机器上的创建序号。
 *  String clientId  
    客户端id
 *  ConcurrentMap<String/\* group \*/, MQProducerInner> producerTable  
    生产组--》消息生产者,也就是在应用程序一端,每个生产者组在同一台应用服务器只需要初始化一个生产者实例。
 *  ConcurrentMap<String/\* group \*/, MQConsumerInner> consumerTable  
    消费组--》消费者,也就是在应用程序一  ,每个消费组,在同一台应用服务器只需要初始化一个消费者即可。
 *  ConcurrentMap<String/\* group \*/, MQAdminExtInner> adminExtTable  
    主要是处理运维命令的。
 *  NettyClientConfig nettyClientConfig  
    网络配置。
 *  MQClientAPIImpl mQClientAPIImpl  
    MQ 客户端实现类。
 *  MQAdminImpl mQAdminImpl  
    MQ 管理命令实现类。
 *  ConcurrentMap<String/\* Topic \*/, TopicRouteData> topicRouteTable  
    topic 路由信息。
 *  ConcurrentMap<String/\* Broker Name \*/, HashMap<Long/\* brokerId \*/, String/\* address \*></String>> brokerAddrTable  
    broker信息,这些信息存在于NameServer,但缓存在本地客户端,供生产者、消费者共同使用。
 *  ClientRemotingProcessor clientRemotingProcessor  
    客户端命令处理器。
 *  PullMessageService pullMessageService  
    消息拉取线程,一个MQClientInstance 只会启动一个消息拉取线程。
 *  RebalanceService rebalanceService  
    队列动态负载线程。
 *  DefaultMQProducer defaultMQProducer  
    默认的消息生产者。
 *  ConsumerStatsManager consumerStatsManager  
    消费端统计。
 *  AtomicLong sendHeartbeatTimesTotal = new AtomicLong(0)  
    心跳包发送次数。
 *  ServiceState serviceState = ServiceState.CREATE\_JUST  
    状态。

MQClientInstance mq客户端实例,每台应用服务器将持有一个 MQClientInstance 对象,供该应用服务器的消费者,生产者使用。该类是消费者,生产者网络处理的核心类。

2、1.1.2 RebalanceImpl

同样在这里我们重点先理解该类的作用。

RebalanceImpl 是 consume 的重新负载,什么意思呢?就是消费者与消费队列的对应关系,我们来思考一个问题,比如现在有4个消息队列(q1,q2,q3,q4),3个消费者(m1,m2,m3),那么消费者与消息队列的对应关系是什么呢?我们按照一个轮询算法来表示,m1(q1,q4) m2(q2) m3(q3),如果此时q2消息队列失效(所在的broker挂了),那么消息队列的消费就需要重新分配,RebalanceImpl 就是干这事的,该类的调用轨迹如下:(MQClientInstance start --> (this.rebalanceService.start()) ---> RebalanceService.run(this.mqClientFactory.doRebalance()) ---> MQConsumerInner.doRebalance(DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl) --->RebalanceImpl.doRebalance

在这里着重说明一点:消息队列数量与消费者关系:1个消费者可以消费多个队列,但1个消息队列只会被一个消费者消费;如果消费者数量大于消息队列数量,则有的消费者会消费不到消息(集群模式)。

2.1.2 消息消费过程

消息的消费过程,就是从服务器拉取,然后消费者进行消费,再根据业务反馈是否成功消费来推动消费进度,也就是消息的消费进度并不是保存在服务端(比如 commitlog 文件中),而是保存在消费端(可以是本地(广播模式)、broke 端(集群模式))具体的代码实现:

public void pullMessage(final PullRequest pullRequest) {
        final ProcessQueue processQueue = pullRequest.getProcessQueue();
        if (processQueue.isDropped()) {
            log.info("the pull request[{}] is dropped.", pullRequest.toString());
            return;
        }

        pullRequest.getProcessQueue().setLastPullTimestamp(System.currentTimeMillis());

        try {
            this.makeSureStateOK();
        } catch (MQClientException e) {
            log.warn("pullMessage exception, consumer state not ok", e);
            this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_EXCEPTION);
            return;
        }

        if (this.isPause()) {
            log.warn("consumer was paused, execute pull request later. instanceName={}, group={}", this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getInstanceName(), this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumerGroup());
            this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_SUSPEND);
            return;
        }

        long size = processQueue.getMsgCount().get();
        if (size > this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getPullThresholdForQueue()) {
            this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_FLOW_CONTROL);
            if ((flowControlTimes1++ % 1000) == 0) {
                log.warn(
                    "the consumer message buffer is full, so do flow control, minOffset={}, maxOffset={}, size={}, pullRequest={}, flowControlTimes={}",
                    processQueue.getMsgTreeMap().firstKey(), processQueue.getMsgTreeMap().lastKey(), size, pullRequest, flowControlTimes1);
            }
            return;
        }

        if (!this.consumeOrderly) {
            if (processQueue.getMaxSpan() > this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getConsumeConcurrentlyMaxSpan()) {
                this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_FLOW_CONTROL);
                if ((flowControlTimes2++ % 1000) == 0) {
                    log.warn(
                        "the queue's messages, span too long, so do flow control, minOffset={}, maxOffset={}, maxSpan={}, pullRequest={}, flowControlTimes={}",
                        processQueue.getMsgTreeMap().firstKey(), processQueue.getMsgTreeMap().lastKey(), processQueue.getMaxSpan(),
                        pullRequest, flowControlTimes2);
                }
                return;
            }
        } else {
            if (processQueue.isLocked()) {
                if (!pullRequest.isLockedFirst()) {
                    final long offset = this.rebalanceImpl.computePullFromWhere(pullRequest.getMessageQueue());
                    boolean brokerBusy = offset < pullRequest.getNextOffset();
                    log.info("the first time to pull message, so fix offset from broker. pullRequest: {} NewOffset: {} brokerBusy: {}",
                        pullRequest, offset, brokerBusy);
                    if (brokerBusy) {
                        log.info("[NOTIFYME]the first time to pull message, but pull request offset larger than broker consume offset. pullRequest: {} NewOffset: {}",
                            pullRequest, offset);
                    }

                    pullRequest.setLockedFirst(true);
                    pullRequest.setNextOffset(offset);
                }
            } else {
                this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_EXCEPTION);
                log.info("pull message later because not locked in broker, {}", pullRequest);
                return;
            }
        }

        final SubscriptionData subscriptionData = this.rebalanceImpl.getSubscriptionInner().get(pullRequest.getMessageQueue().getTopic());
        if (null == subscriptionData) {
            this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_EXCEPTION);
            log.warn("find the consumer's subscription failed, {}", pullRequest);
            return;
        }

        final long beginTimestamp = System.currentTimeMillis();

        PullCallback pullCallback = new PullCallback() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(PullResult pullResult) {
                if (pullResult != null) {
                    pullResult = DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.pullAPIWrapper.processPullResult(pullRequest.getMessageQueue(), pullResult,
                        subscriptionData);

                    switch (pullResult.getPullStatus()) {
                        case FOUND:
                            long prevRequestOffset = pullRequest.getNextOffset();
                            pullRequest.setNextOffset(pullResult.getNextBeginOffset());
                            long pullRT = System.currentTimeMillis() - beginTimestamp;
                            DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.getConsumerStatsManager().incPullRT(pullRequest.getConsumerGroup(),
                                pullRequest.getMessageQueue().getTopic(), pullRT);

                            long firstMsgOffset = Long.MAX_VALUE;
                            if (pullResult.getMsgFoundList() == null || pullResult.getMsgFoundList().isEmpty()) {
                                DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executePullRequestImmediately(pullRequest);
                            } else {
                                firstMsgOffset = pullResult.getMsgFoundList().get(0).getQueueOffset();

                                DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.getConsumerStatsManager().incPullTPS(pullRequest.getConsumerGroup(),
                                    pullRequest.getMessageQueue().getTopic(), pullResult.getMsgFoundList().size());

                                boolean dispathToConsume = processQueue.putMessage(pullResult.getMsgFoundList());
                                DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.consumeMessageService.submitConsumeRequest(//
                                    pullResult.getMsgFoundList(), //
                                    processQueue, //
                                    pullRequest.getMessageQueue(), //
                                    dispathToConsume);

                                if (DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getPullInterval() > 0) {
                                    DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest,
                                        DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getPullInterval());
                                } else {
                                    DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executePullRequestImmediately(pullRequest);
                                }
                            }

                            if (pullResult.getNextBeginOffset() < prevRequestOffset//
                                || firstMsgOffset < prevRequestOffset) {
                                log.warn(
                                    "[BUG] pull message result maybe data wrong, nextBeginOffset: {} firstMsgOffset: {} prevRequestOffset: {}", //
                                    pullResult.getNextBeginOffset(), //
                                    firstMsgOffset, //
                                    prevRequestOffset);
                            }

                            break;
                        case NO_NEW_MSG:
                            pullRequest.setNextOffset(pullResult.getNextBeginOffset());

                            DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.correctTagsOffset(pullRequest);

                            DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executePullRequestImmediately(pullRequest);
                            break;
                        case NO_MATCHED_MSG:
                            pullRequest.setNextOffset(pullResult.getNextBeginOffset());

                            DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.correctTagsOffset(pullRequest);

                            DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executePullRequestImmediately(pullRequest);
                            break;
                        case OFFSET_ILLEGAL:
                            log.warn("the pull request offset illegal, {} {}", //
                                pullRequest.toString(), pullResult.toString());
                            pullRequest.setNextOffset(pullResult.getNextBeginOffset());

                            pullRequest.getProcessQueue().setDropped(true);
                            DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executeTaskLater(new Runnable() {

                                @Override
                                public void run() {
                                    try {
                                        DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.offsetStore.updateOffset(pullRequest.getMessageQueue(),
                                            pullRequest.getNextOffset(), false);

                                        DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.offsetStore.persist(pullRequest.getMessageQueue());

                                        DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.rebalanceImpl.removeProcessQueue(pullRequest.getMessageQueue());

                                        log.warn("fix the pull request offset, {}", pullRequest);
                                    } catch (Throwable e) {
                                        log.error("executeTaskLater Exception", e);
                                    }
                                }
                            }, 10000);
                            break;
                        default:
                            break;
                    }
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void onException(Throwable e) {
                if (!pullRequest.getMessageQueue().getTopic().startsWith(MixAll.RETRY_GROUP_TOPIC_PREFIX)) {
                    log.warn("execute the pull request exception", e);
                }

                DefaultMQPushConsumerImpl.this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_EXCEPTION);
            }
        };

        boolean commitOffsetEnable = false;
        long commitOffsetValue = 0L;
        if (MessageModel.CLUSTERING == this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getMessageModel()) {
            commitOffsetValue = this.offsetStore.readOffset(pullRequest.getMessageQueue(), ReadOffsetType.READ_FROM_MEMORY);
            if (commitOffsetValue > 0) {
                commitOffsetEnable = true;
            }
        }

        String subExpression = null;
        boolean classFilter = false;
        SubscriptionData sd = this.rebalanceImpl.getSubscriptionInner().get(pullRequest.getMessageQueue().getTopic());
        if (sd != null) {
            if (this.defaultMQPushConsumer.isPostSubscriptionWhenPull() && !sd.isClassFilterMode()) {
                subExpression = sd.getSubString();
            }

            classFilter = sd.isClassFilterMode();
        }

        int sysFlag = PullSysFlag.buildSysFlag(//
            commitOffsetEnable, // commitOffset
            true, // suspend
            subExpression != null, // subscription
            classFilter // class filter
        );
        try {
            this.pullAPIWrapper.pullKernelImpl(//
                pullRequest.getMessageQueue(), // 1
                subExpression, // 2
                subscriptionData.getExpressionType(), // 3
                subscriptionData.getSubVersion(), // 4
                pullRequest.getNextOffset(), // 5
                this.defaultMQPushConsumer.getPullBatchSize(), // 6
                sysFlag, // 7
                commitOffsetValue, // 8
                BROKER_SUSPEND_MAX_TIME_MILLIS, // 9
                CONSUMER_TIMEOUT_MILLIS_WHEN_SUSPEND, // 10
                CommunicationMode.ASYNC, // 11
                pullCallback // 12
            );
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("pullKernelImpl exception", e);
            this.executePullRequestLater(pullRequest, PULL_TIME_DELAY_MILLS_WHEN_EXCEPTION);
        }

消费过程暂不详细讲解了,后续文章会进一步对消息消费的各个方面做出详细的剖析。

本文旨在梳理出消息的消费过程,消息队列与消费者的负载、消费模式(广播、集群),消息进度等等。

后续文章重点关注:

1、消费进度反馈源码分析

2、消费者消息负载实现原理

3、消息过滤与tag机制

4、常用问题分析

1)一个消费者多个线程(线程之间如何协调)


备注:本文是《RocketMQ 技术内幕》的前期素材,建议关注笔者的书籍:《RocketMQ 技术内幕》。

作者:唯有坚持不懈 | 出处:http://39sd.cn/9E281

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