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Netty(九):线程模型前置篇Reactor反应堆设计模式实现(基于java.nio)

1、Reactor反应堆设计模式

1.1 单线程模型

2020010910018\_1.png

单线程模型Reactor(此图来源与网络)

下面以java nio为基础,实现Reactor模型。

Nio服务端代码:

    package threadmode.r1;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
    import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.Selector;
    import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    import java.util.Set;

    /**
     * Nio服务器,
     * 本例主要用来增加对 Ractor 线程模型的理解,不会考虑半包等网络问题
     * 
     * 例子程序的功能:服务器接受客户端的请求数据,然后在后面再追加 (hello,服务器收到了你的信息。)
     * @author dingwei2
     * 
     * 
     * 
     * 
     *
     */
    public class NioServer {

        public static void main(String[] args) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            // 
            (new Thread(new Reactor())).start();

        }

        /**
         * Reactor模型,反应堆
         * @author dingwei2
         *
         */
        private static final class Reactor implements Runnable {

    //      private static final ConcurrentHashMap<SocketChannel, ByteBuffer> waitSendData 
    //                                          = new ConcurrentHashMap<SocketChannel, ByteBuffer>();

            private static final byte[] b = "hello,服务器收到了你的信息。".getBytes();

            public void run() {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                System.out.println("服务端启动成功,等待客户端接入");
                ServerSocketChannel ssc = null;
                Selector selector = null;
                try {
                    ssc = ServerSocketChannel.open();
                    ssc.configureBlocking(false);
                    ssc.bind(new InetSocketAddress("127.0.0.1", 9080));

                    selector = Selector.open();
                    ssc.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);

                    Set<SelectionKey> ops = null;
                    while(true) {
                        try {
                            selector.select(); //如果没有感兴趣的事件到达,阻塞等待
                            ops = selector.selectedKeys();
                        } catch(Throwable e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                            break;
                        }

                        //处理相关事件
                        for (Iterator<SelectionKey> it = ops.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                            SelectionKey key =  it.next();
                            it.remove();

                            try {
                                if(key.isAcceptable()) { //客户端建立连接
                                    ServerSocketChannel serverSc = (ServerSocketChannel) key.channel();//这里其实,可以直接使用ssl这个变量
                                    SocketChannel clientChannel = serverSc.accept();
                                    clientChannel.configureBlocking(false);

                                    //向选择器注册读事件,客户端向服务端发送数据准备好后,再处理
                                    clientChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);

                                    System.out.println("收到客户端的连接请求。。。");
                                } else if (key.isWritable()) { //向客户端发送请求
                                    SocketChannel clientChannel = (SocketChannel)key.channel();
                                    ByteBuffer buf = (ByteBuffer)key.attachment();
                                    buf.flip();
                                    clientChannel.write(buf);
                                    System.out.println("服务端向客户端发送数据。。。");
                                    //重新注册读事件
                                    clientChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                                } else if(key.isReadable()) {  //处理客户端发送的数据
                                    System.out.println("服务端接收客户端连接请求。。。");
    //                              System.out.println(key);
                                    SocketChannel clientChannel = (SocketChannel)key.channel();
    //                              System.out.println("clientChannel.isConnected():" + clientChannel.isConnected());
    //                              System.out.println("clientChannel.isConnectionPending():" +clientChannel.isConnectionPending());
    //                              System.out.println("clientChannel.isOpen():" + clientChannel.isOpen());
    //                              System.out.println("clientChannel.finishConnect():" + clientChannel.finishConnect());
                                    ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);
                                    System.out.println(buf.capacity());
                                    clientChannel.read(buf);//
                                    buf.put(b);
                                    clientChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_WRITE, buf);//注册写事件
                                }
                            } catch(Throwable e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                                System.out.println("客户端主动断开连接。。。。。。。");
                                ssc.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);
                            }

                        }
                    }

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

            }

        }

    }

Nio客户端代码:

    package threadmode.r1;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
    import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.Selector;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    import java.util.Set;
    /**
     * @author dingwei2
     *
     */
    public class NioClient {

        public static void main(String[] args) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            SocketChannel clientClient;
            Selector selector = null;
            try {
                clientClient = SocketChannel.open();
                clientClient.configureBlocking(false);

                selector = Selector.open();

                clientClient.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_CONNECT);

                clientClient.connect(new InetSocketAddress("127.0.0.1",9080));

                Set<SelectionKey> ops = null;

                while(true) {
                    try {
                        selector.select();
                        ops = selector.selectedKeys();
                        for (Iterator<SelectionKey> it = ops.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                            SelectionKey key = it.next();
                            it.remove();
                            if(key.isConnectable()) {
                                System.out.println("client connect");
                                SocketChannel sc =  (SocketChannel) key.channel();
                                // 判断此通道上是否正在进行连接操作。
                                // 完成套接字通道的连接过程。
                                if (sc.isConnectionPending()) {
                                    sc.finishConnect();
                                    System.out.println("完成连接!");
                                    ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);
                                    buffer.put("Hello,Server".getBytes());
                                    buffer.flip();
                                    sc.write(buffer);
                                }
                                sc.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ); 
                            } else if(key.isWritable()) {
                                System.out.println("客户端写");
                                SocketChannel sc = (SocketChannel)key.channel();
                                ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);
                                buffer.put("hello server.".getBytes());
                                buffer.flip();
                                sc.write(buffer);
                            } else if(key.isReadable()) {
                                System.out.println("客户端收到服务器的响应....");
                                SocketChannel sc = (SocketChannel)key.channel();
                                ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);
                                int count = sc.read(buffer);
                                if(count > 0 ) {
                                    buffer.flip();
                                    byte[] response = new byte[buffer.remaining()];
                                    buffer.get(response);
                                    System.out.println(new String(response));
                                }

                            }

                        }

                    } catch(Throwable e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }

                }

            } catch (IOException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

        }

    }

1.2 多线程模型

2020010910018\_2.png

Reactor多线程模型(多个Nio线程处理网络读写)(此图来源与网络)。

多线程模型,就是1个线程Acceptor接受客户端的连接,然后由一组IO线程(Reactor)来执行网络的读写。下面贴出其实现。

其中NioServer中的Acceptor为接受客户端连接线程。

其中NioReactorThreadGroup为一组IO线程,NioReactorThread为具体IO线程的实现。

    package threadmode.r2;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.Selector;
    import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    import java.util.Set;

    public class NioServer {

        public static void main(String[] args) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            new Thread(new Acceptor()).start();

        }

        /**
         * 连接线程模型,反应堆,转发器 Acceptor
         * 
         * @author dingwei2
         *
         */
        private static final class Acceptor implements Runnable {

            private NioReactorThreadGroup nioReactorThreadGroup;

            public Acceptor() {
                nioReactorThreadGroup = new NioReactorThreadGroup();
            }

            public void run() {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                System.out.println("服务端启动成功,等待客户端接入");
                ServerSocketChannel ssc = null;
                Selector selector = null;
                try {
                    ssc = ServerSocketChannel.open();
                    ssc.configureBlocking(false);
                    ssc.bind(new InetSocketAddress("127.0.0.1", 9080));

                    selector = Selector.open();
                    ssc.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);

                    Set<SelectionKey> ops = null;
                    while (true) {
                        try {
                            selector.select(); // 如果没有感兴趣的事件到达,阻塞等待
                            ops = selector.selectedKeys();
                        } catch (Throwable e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                            break;
                        }

                        // 处理相关事件
                        for (Iterator<SelectionKey> it = ops.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                            SelectionKey key = it.next();
                            it.remove();

                            try {
                                if (key.isAcceptable()) { // 客户端建立连接
                                    System.out.println("收到客户端的连接请求。。。");
                                    ServerSocketChannel serverSc = (ServerSocketChannel) key.channel();// 这里其实,可以直接使用ssl这个变量
                                    SocketChannel clientChannel = serverSc.accept();
                                    clientChannel.configureBlocking(false);
                                    nioReactorThreadGroup.dispatch(clientChannel); // 转发该请求
                                }
                            } catch (Throwable e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                                System.out.println("客户端主动断开连接。。。。。。。");
                            }

                        }
                    }

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

            }

        }

    }
    package threadmode.r2;

    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;

    /**
     * nio 线程组;简易的NIO线程组
     * @author dingwei2
     *
     */
    public class NioReactorThreadGroup {

        private static final AtomicInteger requestCounter = new AtomicInteger();  //请求计数器

        private final int nioThreadCount;  // 线程池IO线程的数量
        private static final int DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT; 
        private NioReactorThread[] nioThreads;

        static {
    //      DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT = Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() > 1
    //              ? 2 * (Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() - 1 ) : 2;

            DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT = 4;
        }

        public NioReactorThreadGroup() {
            this(DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT);
        }

        public NioReactorThreadGroup(int threadCount) {
            if(threadCount < 1) {
                threadCount = DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT;
            }
            this.nioThreadCount = threadCount;
            this.nioThreads = new NioReactorThread[threadCount];
            for(int i = 0; i < threadCount; i ++ ) {
                this.nioThreads[i] = new NioReactorThread();
                this.nioThreads[i].start(); //构造方法中启动线程,由于nioThreads不会对外暴露,故不会引起线程逃逸
            }

            System.out.println("Nio 线程数量:" + threadCount);
        }

        public void dispatch(SocketChannel socketChannel) {
            if(socketChannel != null ) {
                next().register(socketChannel);
            }
        }

        protected NioReactorThread next() {
            return this.nioThreads[ requestCounter.getAndIncrement() %  nioThreadCount ];
        }

        public static void main(String[] args) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }

    }
    package threadmode.r2;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.Selector;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    import java.util.List;
    import java.util.Set;
    import java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock;

    /**
     * Nio 线程,专门负责nio read,write
     * 本类是实例行代码,不会对nio,断线重连,写半包等场景进行处理,旨在理解 Reactor模型(多线程版本)
     * @author dingwei2
     *
     */
    public class NioReactorThread extends Thread {

        private static final byte[] b = "hello,服务器收到了你的信息。".getBytes(); //服务端给客户端的响应

        private Selector selector;
        private List<SocketChannel> waitRegisterList = new ArrayList<SocketChannel>(512);
        private ReentrantLock registerLock = new ReentrantLock();

        public NioReactorThread() {
            try {
                this.selector = Selector.open();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        /**
         * socket channel
         * @param socketChannel
         */
        public void register(SocketChannel socketChannel) {
            if(socketChannel != null ) {
                try {
                    registerLock.lock();
                    waitRegisterList.add(socketChannel);
                } finally {
                    registerLock.unlock();
                }
            }
        }

        //private 

        public void run() {
            while(true) {
                Set<SelectionKey> ops = null;
                try {
                    selector.select(1000);
                    ops = selector.selectedKeys();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                    continue;
                }

                //处理相关事件
                for (Iterator<SelectionKey> it = ops.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                    SelectionKey key =  it.next();
                    it.remove();

                    try {
                        if (key.isWritable()) { //向客户端发送请求
                            SocketChannel clientChannel = (SocketChannel)key.channel();
                            ByteBuffer buf = (ByteBuffer)key.attachment();
                            buf.flip();
                            clientChannel.write(buf);
                            System.out.println("服务端向客户端发送数据。。。");
                            //重新注册读事件
                            clientChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                        } else if(key.isReadable()) {  //接受客户端请求
                            System.out.println("服务端接收客户端连接请求。。。");
                            SocketChannel clientChannel = (SocketChannel)key.channel();
                            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);
                            System.out.println(buf.capacity());
                            clientChannel.read(buf);//
                            buf.put(b);
                            clientChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_WRITE, buf);//注册写事件
                        }
                    } catch(Throwable e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                        System.out.println("客户端主动断开连接。。。。。。。");
                    }

                }

                //注册事件
                if(!waitRegisterList.isEmpty()) {
                    try {
                        registerLock.lock();
                        for (Iterator<SocketChannel> it = waitRegisterList.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                            SocketChannel sc = it.next();
                            try {
                                sc.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                            } catch(Throwable e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();//ignore
                            }
                            it.remove();
                        }

                    } finally {
                        registerLock.unlock();
                    }
                }

            }
        }

    }

NioClient与Reactor,单线程版本一样,在这不重复给出。

上述示例代码中,其实并不是完成按照Reacor设计模式而来的,重头戏请看1.3,主从多线程模型(Reacor)实现

1.3 主从多线程模型(Reactor)

2020010910018\_3.png

主从多线程模型(此图来源与网络)

重点关注点如下:

  • Acceeptor:职责维护java.nio.ServerSocketChannel类,绑定服务端监听端口,然后将该通道注册到MainRector中;
  • Main Reactor,监听客户端连接的反应堆,这里使用jdk并发中的Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor线程池来实现,监听客户端的连接事件(OP_ACCEPT)
  • Sub Reactor,目前没有使用jdk的并发池,这里用的SubReactorThreadGroup,其实现是数组,当然这里也可以使用jdk线程池,SubReactor的每一个线程都是IO线程,用来处理读,写事件。所有的IO线程公用一个业务线程池(基于juc)实现,用来处理业务逻辑,也就是运行Handel的地方。

Handel:具体业务逻辑实现,本例就是获取客户端的信息后,在请求信息后面追加一段文字,便返回给客户端。相关源码实现:

NioServer(Acceptor)的实现源码:

    package persistent.prestige.demo.netty.threadmode.t3;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
    import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
    import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
    import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

    /**
     * Reactor 主从Reactor模式实现
     * 
     * Acceptor,其实个人认为,这里就是服务端角色
     * @author Administrator
     *
     */
    public class NioServer {

        private static final int DEFAULT_PORT = 9080;

        public static void main(String[] args) {

            new Thread(new Acceptor()).start();

        }

        private static class Acceptor implements Runnable {

            // main Reactor 线程池,用于处理客户端的连接请求
            private static ExecutorService mainReactor = Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor();

            public void run() {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                ServerSocketChannel ssc = null;

                try {
                    ssc = ServerSocketChannel.open();
                    ssc.configureBlocking(false);
                    ssc.bind(new InetSocketAddress(DEFAULT_PORT));

                    //转发到 MainReactor反应堆
                    dispatch(ssc);

                    System.out.println("服务端成功启动。。。。。。");

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            private void dispatch(ServerSocketChannel ssc) {
                mainReactor.submit(new MainReactor(ssc));
            }

        }

    }

MainReactor 源码如下:

    package persistent.prestige.demo.netty.threadmode.t3;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectableChannel;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.Selector;
    import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    import java.util.Set;

    /**
     * 主Reactor,主要用来处理连接请求的反应堆
     * @author Administrator
     *
     */
    public class MainReactor implements Runnable {

        private Selector selector;
        private SubReactorThreadGroup subReactorThreadGroup; 

        public MainReactor(SelectableChannel channel) {
            try {
                selector = Selector.open();
                channel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

            subReactorThreadGroup = new SubReactorThreadGroup(4);
        }

        public void run() {

            System.out.println("MainReactor is running");
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            while (!Thread.interrupted()) {

                Set<SelectionKey> ops = null;
                try {
                    selector.select(1000);
                    ops = selector.selectedKeys();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

                // 处理相关事件  
                for (Iterator<SelectionKey> it = ops.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {  
                    SelectionKey key = it.next();  
                    it.remove();  
                    try {  
                        if (key.isAcceptable()) { // 客户端建立连接  
                            System.out.println("收到客户端的连接请求。。。");  
                            ServerSocketChannel serverSc = (ServerSocketChannel) key.channel();// 这里其实,可以直接使用ssl这个变量  
                            SocketChannel clientChannel = serverSc.accept();  
                            clientChannel.configureBlocking(false);  
                            subReactorThreadGroup.dispatch(clientChannel); // 转发该请求  
                        }  
                    } catch (Throwable e) {  
                        e.printStackTrace();  
                        System.out.println("客户端主动断开连接。。。。。。。");  
                    }  

                }  

            }

        }

    }

SubReactor组,IO线程池实现:

    package persistent.prestige.demo.netty.threadmode.t3;

    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;  
    import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
    import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
    import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;  

    /** 
     * nio 线程组;简易的NIO线程组 
     * @author dingwei2 
     * 
     */  
    public class SubReactorThreadGroup {  

        private static final AtomicInteger requestCounter = new AtomicInteger();  //请求计数器  

        private final int nioThreadCount;  // 线程池IO线程的数量  
        private static final int DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT;   
        private SubReactorThread[] nioThreads;  
        private ExecutorService businessExecutePool; //业务线程池

        static {  
    //      DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT = Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() > 1  
    //              ? 2 * (Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() - 1 ) : 2;  

            DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT = 4;  
        }  

        public SubReactorThreadGroup() {  
            this(DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT);  
        }  

        public SubReactorThreadGroup(int threadCount) {  

            if(threadCount < 1) {  
                threadCount = DEFAULT_NIO_THREAD_COUNT;  
            }  

            businessExecutePool = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(threadCount);

            this.nioThreadCount = threadCount;  
            this.nioThreads = new SubReactorThread[threadCount];  
            for(int i = 0; i < threadCount; i ++ ) {  
                this.nioThreads[i] = new SubReactorThread(businessExecutePool);  
                this.nioThreads[i].start(); //构造方法中启动线程,由于nioThreads不会对外暴露,故不会引起线程逃逸  
            }  

            System.out.println("Nio 线程数量:" + threadCount);  
        }  

        public void dispatch(SocketChannel socketChannel) {  
            if(socketChannel != null ) {  
                next().register(new NioTask(socketChannel, SelectionKey.OP_READ));  
            }  
        }  

        protected SubReactorThread next() {  
            return this.nioThreads[ requestCounter.getAndIncrement() %  nioThreadCount ];  
        }  

        public static void main(String[] args) {  
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub  

        }  

    }  

SubReactor线程实现(IO线程)

    package persistent.prestige.demo.netty.threadmode.t3;

    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.Selector;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    import java.util.List;
    import java.util.Set;
    import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
    import java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock;

    /** 
     * Nio 线程,专门负责nio read,write 
     * 本类是实例行代码,不会对nio,断线重连,写半包等场景进行处理,旨在理解 Reactor模型(多线程版本) 
     * @author dingwei2 
     * 
     */  
    public class SubReactorThread extends Thread {

        private Selector selector;
        private ExecutorService businessExecutorPool;
        private List<NioTask> taskList = new ArrayList<NioTask>(512);
        private ReentrantLock taskMainLock = new ReentrantLock();

        /**
         * 业务线程池
         * @param businessExecutorPool
         */
        public SubReactorThread(ExecutorService businessExecutorPool) {
            try {
                this.businessExecutorPool = businessExecutorPool;
                this.selector = Selector.open();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        /**
         * socket channel
         * 
         * @param socketChannel
         */
        public void register(NioTask task) {
            if (task != null) {
                try {
                    taskMainLock.lock();
                    taskList.add(task);
                } finally {
                    taskMainLock.unlock();
                }
            }
        }

        // private

        public void run() {
            while (!Thread.interrupted()) {
                Set<SelectionKey> ops = null;
                try {
                    selector.select(1000);
                    ops = selector.selectedKeys();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                    continue;
                }

                // 处理相关事件
                for (Iterator<SelectionKey> it = ops.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                    SelectionKey key = it.next();
                    it.remove();

                    try {
                        if (key.isWritable()) { // 向客户端发送请求
                            SocketChannel clientChannel = (SocketChannel) key
                                    .channel();
                            ByteBuffer buf = (ByteBuffer) key.attachment();
                            buf.flip();
                            clientChannel.write(buf);
                            System.out.println("服务端向客户端发送数据。。。");
                            // 重新注册读事件
                            clientChannel.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                        } else if (key.isReadable()) { // 接受客户端请求
                            System.out.println("服务端接收客户端连接请求。。。");
                            SocketChannel clientChannel = (SocketChannel) key
                                    .channel();
                            ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024);
                            System.out.println(buf.capacity());
                            clientChannel.read(buf);//解析请求完毕

                            //转发请求到具体的业务线程;当然,这里其实可以向dubbo那样,支持转发策略,如果执行时间短,
                            //,比如没有数据库操作等,可以在io线程中执行。本实例,转发到业务线程池
                            dispatch(clientChannel, buf);

                        }
                    } catch (Throwable e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                        System.out.println("客户端主动断开连接。。。。。。。");
                    }

                }

                // 注册事件
                if (!taskList.isEmpty()) {
                    try {
                        taskMainLock.lock();
                        for (Iterator<NioTask> it = taskList
                                .iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                            NioTask task = it.next();
                            try {
                                SocketChannel sc = task.getSc();
                                if(task.getData() != null) {
                                    sc.register(selector, task.getOp(), task.getData());
                                } else {
                                    sc.register(selector, task.getOp());
                                }

                            } catch (Throwable e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();// ignore
                            }
                            it.remove();
                        }

                    } finally {
                        taskMainLock.unlock();
                    }
                }

            }
        }

        /**
         * 此处的reqBuffer处于可写状态
         * @param sc
         * @param reqBuffer
         */
        private void dispatch(SocketChannel sc, ByteBuffer reqBuffer) {
            businessExecutorPool.submit( new Handler(sc, reqBuffer, this)  );
        }
    }

NioTask,NIO相关任务封装类:

    package persistent.prestige.demo.netty.threadmode.t3;

    import java.io.Serializable;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;

    /**
     * Nio task
     * @author Administrator
     *
     */
    public class NioTask implements Serializable {

        private SocketChannel sc;
        private int op;
        private Object data;

        public NioTask(SocketChannel sc, int op) {
            this.sc = sc;
            this.op = op;
        }

        public NioTask(SocketChannel sc, int op, Object data) {
            this(sc, op);
            this.data = data;
        }
        public SocketChannel getSc() {
            return sc;
        }
        public void setSc(SocketChannel sc) {
            this.sc = sc;
        }
        public int getOp() {
            return op;
        }
        public void setOp(int op) {
            this.op = op;
        }
        public Object getData() {
            return data;
        }
        public void setData(Object data) {
            this.data = data;
        }

    }

业务Handle类实现:

    package persistent.prestige.demo.netty.threadmode.t3;

    import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
    import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
    import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;

    /**
     * 业务线程
     * 该handler的功能就是在收到的请求信息,后面加上 hello,服务器收到了你的信息,然后返回给客户端
     * @author Administrator
     *
     */
    public class Handler implements Runnable {

        private static final byte[] b = "hello,服务器收到了你的信息。".getBytes(); // 服务端给客户端的响应

        private SocketChannel sc;
        private ByteBuffer reqBuffer;
        private SubReactorThread parent;

        public Handler(SocketChannel sc, ByteBuffer reqBuffer,
                SubReactorThread parent) {
            super();
            this.sc = sc;
            this.reqBuffer = reqBuffer;
            this.parent = parent;
        }

        public void run() {
            System.out.println("业务在handler中开始执行。。。");
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            //业务处理
            reqBuffer.put(b);
            parent.register(new NioTask(sc, SelectionKey.OP_WRITE, reqBuffer));
            System.out.println("业务在handler中执行结束。。。");
        }

    }

Nio客户端的实现,与上文一样。

注:本文代码旨在理解Reactor反应堆线程模型,对nio涉及到的断线重连,写半包等未做处理。本文关于Reactor模型的三个图片来源与网络,非原创,如果有侵权,请联系作者,将马上删除,谢谢。


来源:https://blog.csdn.net/prestigeding/article/details/53977445

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