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Docker Swarm教程(十五):MongoDB 集群构建,分片+副本+选举

❤️ 环境准备

三台服务器,建立 Docker Swarm 集群,一个 Manager(node1),两个 Worker(node2 + node3)。

  • docker 版本:19.03.0-beta1
  • mongo 版本:4.0.3

❤️ MongoDB 集群架构设计

Docker Swarm教程(十五):MongoDB 集群构建,分片+副本+选举
架构图

高清图地址: https://www.processon.com/view/link/5a3c7386e4b0bf89b8530376

❤️ 搭建集群

1、【Manager】创建集群网络

docker network create -d overlay --attachable mongo

–attachable 允许其他容器加入此网络

2、创建 9 个 Data 服务,3 个 Config 服务,1 个 Global 模式的 Mongos 服务

2.1、【所有机器】创建相关文件夹

mkdir -p  ~/mongo/config ~/mongo/shard1 ~/mongo/shard2 ~/mongo/shard3

2.2、【Manager】创建 stack.yml

version: '3.7'
services:
  mongors1n1:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard1 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard1:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node1
  mongors2n1:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard2 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard2:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node1
  mongors3n1:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard3 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard3:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node1
  mongors1n2:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard1 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard1:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node2
  mongors2n2:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard2 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard2:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node2
  mongors3n2:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard3 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard3:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node2
  mongors1n3:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard1 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard1:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node3
  mongors2n3:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard2 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard2:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node3
  mongors3n3:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --shardsvr --replSet shard3 --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/shard3:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node3
  cfg1:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --configsvr --replSet cfgrs --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/config:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node1
  cfg2:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --configsvr --replSet cfgrs --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/config:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node2
  cfg3:
    image: mongo
    command: mongod --configsvr --replSet cfgrs --dbpath /data/db --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    volumes:
      - ~/mongo/config:/data/db
    deploy:
      replicas: 1
      placement:
        constraints:
          - node.hostname==node3
  mongos:
    image: mongo
    command: mongos --configdb cfgrs/cfg1:27017,cfg2:27017,cfg3:27017 --bind_ip_all --port 27017
    networks:
      - mongo
    ports:
      - 27017:27017
    environment:
      - TZ=Asia/Shanghai
    deploy:
      mode: global
networks:
  mongo:
    external: true

2.3、启动服务,在 Manager 上执行

docker stack deploy -c stack.yml mongo

2.4、【Manager】查看服务的启动情况

docker service ls

正常情况下,会出现如下结果:

[docker ~]# docker service ls
ID                  NAME                MODE                REPLICAS            IMAGE                                         PORTS
z1l5zlghlfbi        mongo_cfg1          replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
lg9vbods29th        mongo_cfg2          replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
i6d6zwxsq0ss        mongo_cfg3          replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
o0lfdavd8kpj        mongo_mongors1n1    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
n85yeyod7mlu        mongo_mongors1n2    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
cwurdqng9tdk        mongo_mongors1n3    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
vu6al5kys28u        mongo_mongors2n1    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
xrjiep0vrf0w        mongo_mongors2n2    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
qqzifwcejjyk        mongo_mongors2n3    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
tddgw8hygv1b        mongo_mongors3n1    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
qrb6fjty03mw        mongo_mongors3n2    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
m8ikdzjssmhn        mongo_mongors3n3    replicated          1/1                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest
mnnlm49b7kyb        mongo_mongos        global              3/3                 registry.docker-cn.com/library/mongo:latest   *:27017->27017/tcp

3、初始化集群

3.1 【node1】初始化 Mongo 配置集群

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "cfg1" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'rs.initiate({_id: \"cfgrs\",configsvr: true, members: [{ _id : 0, host : \"cfg1\" },{ _id : 1, host : \"cfg2\" }, { _id : 2, host : \"cfg3\" }]})' | mongo"

3.2 【node1】初始化三个 Mongo 数据集群

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongors1n1" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'rs.initiate({_id : \"shard1\", members: [{ _id : 0, host : \"mongors1n1\" },{ _id : 1, host : \"mongors1n2\" },{ _id : 2, host : \"mongors1n3\"}]})' | mongo"

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongors2n1" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'rs.initiate({_id : \"shard2\", members: [{ _id : 0, host : \"mongors2n1\" },{ _id : 1, host : \"mongors2n2\" },{ _id : 2, host : \"mongors2n3\" }]})' | mongo"

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongors3n1" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'rs.initiate({_id : \"shard3\", members: [{ _id : 0, host : \"mongors3n1\" },{ _id : 1, host : \"mongors3n2\" },{ _id : 2, host : \"mongors3n3\" }]})' | mongo"

3.3 【node1】将三个数据集群当做分片加入 mongos

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongos" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'sh.addShard(\"shard1/mongors1n1:27017,mongors1n2:27017,mongors1n3:27017\")' | mongo "

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongos" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'sh.addShard(\"shard2/mongors2n1:27017,mongors2n2:27017,mongors2n3:27017\")' | mongo "

docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongos" | awk '{ print $1 }') bash -c "echo 'sh.addShard(\"shard3/mongors3n1:27017,mongors3n2:27017,mongors3n3:27017\")' | mongo "

4、连接集群

4.1 内部:在 mongo 网络下的容器,通过 mongos:27017 连接

4.2 外部:通过 IP:27017 连接,IP 可以为三台服务的中的一个的 IP

5、测试数据

# 【node1】连接集群
docker exec -it $(docker ps | grep "mongos" | awk '{ print $1 }') mongo mongos:27017

# 【node1】创建数据库
use test_db

# 【node1】允许数据库分片
sh.enableSharding("test_db", "hashed")

# 【node1】创建文档
db.createCollection("user")

# 【node1】分片设置
sh.shardCollection( "test_db.user", {_id:"hashed"} )

# 【node1】添加数据
for(var i = 0; i < 1000; i++) { db.user.insert({_id:i, name:"test" + i}) }

# 【node1】查询数据
db.user.find().pretty()

# 【node1】查询分片状态
db.user.getShardDistribution()

https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/core/ranged-sharding
https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/core/hashed-sharding/

作者:Anoyi
链接:https://www.jianshu.com/nb/7916985

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